Information about Mongolia

Region: Asia
Capital: Ulaanbaatar
Population: 3,447,000
Area (sq km): 1,565,000
FIPS Country Code: MG
ISO Country Code: MN
GRN Office:

Fascinating Facts about Mongolia

Half of Mongolia's population of 2.5 million live in the capital city, Ulaanbaatar.

The "Three Manly Games" of the Naadam summer festival are archery, wrestling and horse racing.

Children retire from being horse race jockeys when they are 12 years old.

Christianity first came to Mongolia during the reign of the great Mongol Khans.

The Old and New Testaments are available in the modern Mongolian script.

The Great Wall of China was built to keep out the Mongols, not the rabbits!

The temperature ranges from +50 to -50 deg C in some parts.

Ancient Mongolian script looks like Arabic, but runs vertically left to right on the page.

Map of Mongolia

Map of Mongolia

Languages and dialects spoken in Mongolia

  • Other Language Options
    Recordings Available
    Language Names
    Indigenous languages

Found 4 language names

Kalmyk-Oirat [Mongolia] - ISO Language [xal]

Mongolian - Macrolanguage [mon]

Mongolian: Elute [xal]

Mongolian, Halh - ISO Language [khk]

People Groups in Mongolia

Americans, U.S. ▪ Bayad ▪ Buriat, Mongolia ▪ Chinese, general ▪ Dariganga ▪ Darkhad ▪ Deaf ▪ Dungan, Hui-Zu ▪ Durbet, Dorwoten ▪ Dzakhchin, Zahchin ▪ Ewenki, Solon ▪ Han Chinese, Mandarin ▪ Kalmyk-Oirat ▪ Kazakh ▪ Khotogoid ▪ Khoton ▪ Korean ▪ Mongolian, Peripheral ▪ Mongol, Khalka ▪ Russian ▪ Torguud ▪ Tsaatan ▪ Turk ▪ Tuvinian ▪ Ukrainian ▪ Uriankhai, Altai ▪ Uuld ▪ Uyghur ▪ Uzbek, Northern ▪ Uzemchin